LITS2307 MODERN CRITICAL THEORY

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WEEK 8: HEGELIAN [WESTERN] MARXISM

Required Readings:

Lecture 1:

  • Georg Lukacs "What is Orthodox Marxism?" [1919] (pp. 1-26 in History and Class Consciousness; also in course folder)

Lecture 2:

  • Georg Lukacs "Class Consciousness" [1920] (pp. 46-82 in History and Class Consciousness; also in course folder)

Tutorial:

  • Antonio Gramsci "The Formation of the Intellectuals" [1929-1935] (pp. 5-14 in his Prison Notebooks; also pp. 1135-1143 in Leitch)

Recommended Readings:

PhilWeb:

Notes:

Questions:

Lukacs:

  1. Why is Lukács termed a Hegelian Marxist?  Why are Hegelian Marxists sometimes termed Western Marxists?

  2. How does Lukács adapt Hegel's notion of the expressive totality?

  3. What three hypotheses does Lukács advance concerning the class structure?

  4. Explain Lukács' concept of class-consciousness.  What does he differentiate it from?  To what is it a necessary prelude?